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Cyber security is the state or process of protecting and recovering networks, devices, and programs from any type of cyberattack.
Cyberattacks are an evolving danger to organizations, employees, and consumers. They may be designed to access or destroy sensitive data or extort money. They can, in effect, destroy businesses and damage people’s financial and personal lives.
What’s the best defense? A strong cyber security system has multiple layers of protection spread across computers, networks, and programs. But a strong cyber security system relies not only on cyber defense technology, but also on people making smart cyber defense choices.
The good news? You don’t need to be a cyber security specialist to understand and practice cyber defense tactics. This guide can help. You’ll learn more about cyber security and how to help defend yourself against cyber threats. It could help you recognize and avoid threats before they’re able to infiltrate your network or device
Types of cyber threats
There are many types of cyberthreats that can attack your devices and networks, but they generally fall into three categories. The categories are attacks on confidentiality, integrity, and availability.
Here are a few types of cyber threats that fall into the three categories listed above:
Social engineering, a type of attack on confidentiality, is the process of psychologically manipulating people into performing actions or giving away information. Phishing attacks are the most common form of social engineering. Phishing attacks usually come in the form of a deceptive email that tricks the user into giving away personal information.
APTs (Advanced Persistent Threats), a type of attack on integrity, are attacks where an unauthorized user infiltrates a network undetected and stays in the network for a long time. The intent of an APT is to steal data and not harm the network. APTs happen most often in sectors with high-value information, such as national defense, manufacturing, and the finance industry.
Malware, or malicious software, is a type of attack on availability. It refers to software that is designed to gain access or damage a computer without the knowledge of the owner. Several common types of malware include spyware, keyloggers, true viruses, and worms.
THE IMPORTANCE OF CYBER SECURITY
Cyber Security is important because government, military, corporate, financial, and medical organizations collect, process, and store unprecedented amounts of data on computers and other devices. A significant portion of that data can be sensitive information, whether that be intellectual property, financial data, personal information, or other types of data for which unauthorized access or exposure could have negative consequences.
Organizations transmit sensitive data across networks and to other devices in the course of doing businesses, and cyber security describes the discipline dedicated to protecting that information and the systems used to process or store it. As the volume and sophistication of cyber attacks grow, companies and organizations, especially those that are tasked with safeguarding information relating to national security, health, or financial records, need to take steps to protect their sensitive business and personnel information. As early as March 2013, the nation’s top intelligence officials cautioned that cyber attacks and digital spying are the top threat to national security, eclipsing even terrorism.
CHALLENGES OF CYBER SECURITY
For an effective cyber security, an organization needs to coordinate its efforts throughout its entire information system. Element Of Cyber encompass all of the following:
Help to protect against cyber security attacks
The future of cybersecurity will in one sense be like the present: hard to define and potentially unbounded as digital technologies interact with human beings across virtually all aspects of politics, society, the economy, and beyond. We built this project on the proposition that both the “cyber” and the “security” components of the concept “cybersecurity” will be in rapid motion during the back half of the 2010s.
The cybersecurity world of 2020 will still be talking about malware, firewalls, network security, and social engineering. But it will also be talking about personal memories, new distinctions between what is public and private, the power of prediction, faith in public institutions, the provision of public good, psychological stability, the division of labor between humans and machines, coercive power (both visible and invisible), what it means for a human-machine system to have “intention,” and more.